There are some basic items you should stock in your home or established shelter in case of emergencies. These include water, food, first aid supplies, clothing, bedding, tools and special items such as a battery-operated weather radio, extra batteries, flashlights and a charged cell phone. Keep items that you would need during an evacuation in an easy-to-carry container.

Store at least 3 gallons of water per person per day

Store 1 gallon for each person and 1 for each day. Keep at least a 3-day supply of water (2 quarts for drinking, 2 quarts for food preparation and sanitation) for each person in the household. A person who is generally active needs to drink at least 2 quarts of water each day. Hot environments and intense physical activity can double that amount. Children, nursing mothers and ill people will need to drink even more. Store water in plastic containers such as large soft drink bottles. Avoid using containers that will decompose or break.

Store at least a 3-day supply of nonperishable food

Select foods that require no refrigeration, preparation, or cooking and little or no water. If you must heat food, pack a can of chafing fuel and matches. Select food items that are compact and lightweight. Include a selection of foods in your disaster supplies kit such as ready-to-eat canned meats, canned fruits, dried fruits, canned milk, nuts, canned vegetables, crackers, snacks and peanut butter.

Assemble a first aid kit for your home and one for each car

Include the following:

• Adhesive bandages in assorted sizes

• Safety pins

• Soap

• 2 pairs of sterile gloves

• Sunscreen

• Four to six 2-inch gauze pads

• Four to six 4-inch gauze pads

• Three triangular bandages

• Three rolls of 2-inch roller bandages

• Three rolls of 3-inch roller bandages

• Scissors

• Adhesive

• Tape

• Tweezers

• Needles

• Thread

• Moistened towelettes

• Antiseptic

• Rubbing alcohol

• A thermometer

• Two tongue depressors

• Petroleum jelly or other lubricant

• Extra eyeglasses

• Aspirin or non-aspirin pain reliever

• Anti-diarrheal

• Medication antacids (for stomach upset)

• Syrup of ipecac (use to induce vomiting if advised by the Poison Control Center)

• Laxative

• Activated charcoal (use if advised by the Poison Control Center)

Pack over-the-counter and prescription medicines for you and your family

These may include medicines for the heart, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, arthritis, or other ailments or diseases. Don’t forget that insulin needs to be kept cool. Check your medications several days before a storm is due to arrive. If you only have one or two days of medicine left, you may want to get your refills before the storm. Power may be out after the storm, and pharmacies may be closed. Also, don’t forget about denture and contact lens supplies.

Stock personal hygiene items

Include items such as toilet paper, towelettes, soap, liquid detergent, feminine hygiene supplies, soap, toothpaste, toothbrushes, disposable shavers, deodorant, disposable cloths and hand wipes, plastic garbage bags and ties (for personal sanitation uses), a plastic bucket with tight lid, disinfectant, household chlorine bleach and facial tissues.

Pack one complete change of clothing and footwear per person

Make sure at least one pair of sturdy shoes or work boots are packed. Rain gear, blankets or sleeping bags, a hat and gloves, thermal underwear and sunglasses may also be needed.

Include tools and other supplies

These should include paper cups, plates, plastic utensils, paper towels, a bottle opener, cash or traveler’s checks, coins, a non-electric can opener, a utility knife, pliers, Phillips-head and flat-head screwdrivers, a hammer, a crowbar, assorted nails, wood screws, a shut-off wrench to turn off household gas and water, duct and electrical tape, a compass, matches in a waterproof container, aluminum foil, plastic storage containers, a signal flare, paper, pencils, adhesive labels, safety goggles, heavy work gloves, a whistle, heavy cotton or hemp rope, a patch kit and can of sealed air, disposable dust masks, plastic sheeting and a map of the area (for locating shelters).

Store items for your babies or small children

Items should include formula, diapers, wipes, bottles, powdered formula, milk, baby food and medications.

Keep important family documents in a waterproof, portable container

Documents such as copies of wills, insurance policies, contracts, deeds, stocks, bonds, passports, Social Security cards, immunization records, a record of credit card accounts, a record of bank account numbers, names, and phone numbers, inventory of valuable household goods, important telephone numbers and family records (birth, marriage, and death certificates and copies of Supplemental Security Income award letter). You may want to videotape items in your house for insurance purposes. Put the videotape or digital files in a waterproof bag and seal it.

Don’t forget your pets

Store pet food, additional water, a leash or harness, identification tags, medications, medical records, litter and pans for all your pets.

Store some games and books for entertainment

Include board games and video games if possible, as well as fun books for reading.

Upcoming Extension programs

• 5:30 p.m. to 7:30 p.m. Nov. 9, Extension Office, Youth Etiquette Workshop; $15, includes a meal; call 256-547-7936 to register.

For more information on this topic and many others, contact the Etowah County Extension Office, 256-547-7936 or 3200 A W. Meighan Blvd., Gadsden. Amy Burgess is extension coordinator for the Etowah County Extension Office.